LETTER ON PARCHMENT SIGNED BY KING LOUIS XIII ON DECEMBER 31, 1626. Louis XIII (27 September 1601 14 May 1643) was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who was King of France from 1610 to 1643 and King of Navarre (as Louis II) from 1610 to 1620, when the crown of Navarre was merged with the French crown. Shortly before his ninth birthday, Louis became king of France and Navarre after his father Henry IV was assassinated. His mother, Marie de' Medici, acted as regent during his minority.Mismanagement of the kingdom and ceaseless political intrigues by Marie and her Italian favorites led the young king to take power in 1617 by exiling his mother and executing her followers, including Concino Concini, the most influential Italian at the French court. Louis XIII, taciturn and suspicious, relied heavily on his chief ministers, first Charles d'Albert, Duc de Luynes and then Cardinal Richelieu, to govern the Kingdom of France.
King and cardinal are remembered for establishing the Académie Francoise, and ending the revolt of the French nobility. They systematically destroyed castles of defiant lords and denounced the use of private violence (dueling, carrying weapons, and maintaining private armies).
By the end of 1620s, Richelieu established "the royal monopoly of force" as the ruling doctrine.  The reign of Louis "the Just" was also marked by the struggles against the Huguenots and Habsburg Spain. The item "KING LOUIS XIII AUTOGRAPH 31 DECEMBER 1626 LOUIS XIII König von Frankreich" is in sale since Friday, June 28, 2019. This item is in the category "Antiques\Manuscripts". The seller is "antiqueparchments" and is located in Kansas City, Missouri.
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